Go Back   plecoplanet Forums > Pleco Forums > Pleco Profiles > Pseudacanthicus
Plecoplanet on Facebook


Closed Profile
Profile Tools Display Modes
L114 Pseudacanthicus cf. leopardus
by Doodles 08-16-09

All assigned numbers: L114, LDA07, LDA73

Name: Pseudacanthicus sp. leopardus

Common Names: Demini Leopard Cactus Pleco, Leopard Pleco, Cactus Pleco, L114, LDA07, LDA73

Location: South America: middle Rio Negro drainage (Rio Demini), Amazonas, Brazil.

Name:  L114_45.jpg
Views: 5509
Size:  55.2 KBName:  L114_46.jpg
Views: 9450
Size:  50.5 KBName:  L114_44.jpg
Views: 4150
Size:  43.0 KBName:  L114_43.jpg
Views: 4183
Size:  43.9 KB
Name:  L114_37.jpg
Views: 4156
Size:  46.5 KBName:  L114_35.jpg
Views: 4826
Size:  47.3 KBName:  L114_20.jpg
Views: 3999
Size:  35.9 KBName:  L114_12.jpg
Views: 4099
Size:  53.2 KB
Name:  L114_09.jpg
Views: 3970
Size:  49.0 KBName:  Juvenile_L114.jpg
Views: 4037
Size:  34.7 KBName:  L114.jpg
Views: 4663
Size:  50.7 KBName:  L114b.jpg
Views: 4802
Size:  71.3 KB
Views: 4044
Size:  71.0 KB


Just like many other pleco species relatively peaceful if it has enough room to stake out a territory, which will however be defended fiercely if intruded by other fish. Towards it's own kind or similar looking pleco's, this species can be quite aggressive, and if cramped for space also against other bottom dwellers.

Sexing and Breeding:

This beautifully patterned Loricarid belongs to the genus of carnivorous pleco's called Pseudacanthicus or Cactus Pleco's. One glance at its mouth illustrates this well: instead of a true sucker mouth, it has a mouth than is more suitable for grasping and holding food items. Its teeth are few in number, but powerful and large: ideal for cracking open snails and small crustaceans as well as rasping meat.
All this means that its diet should primarily be made up of meaty foods, such as shrimp, krill, mussels, blood worms, mosquito larvae and fish meat (fillets). But once acclimatized, the Demini Leopard Cactus Pleco usually is an undemanding fish that will also accept pellet food (both with meaty and plant matter) and sometimes even fresh vegetables such as cucumber, zucchini, egg plant, potato, etc.

Water parameters:
Temp 24-30c PH 5.5-7.5
A tank with dimmed lights and a good amount of hiding places (plants, drift wood, rocks, artificial caves) is ideal for this beautifully patterned catfish. This large, robust and often quite aggressive species requires a large tank: at least 48x20" (120x50cm.) for a single specimen, and at least an 60x24" (150x60cm.) tank for a small group of these pleco's. This fish requires plenty of personal space, as they can be very territorial, especially towards its own kind and similar looking bottom dwellers, and with their sharp teeth they are capable of inflicting serious injuries.
The Demini Leopard Cactus Pleco does best in soft, slightly acidic water (pH 5.5-6.5), heavy oxygenation and a lot of currents. A powerful filtration system is required, as this fish produces a lot of waste due to its high-protein diet.

Max Size:
30-40cm. (12-16").

Bred by:

Additional Comments:
The majority of specimen available to the ornamental fish market, the two different specimen shown on this page included, are captured in the area mentioned above: the Rio Demini, a river that joins the middle Rio Negro in the province of Amazonia, Brazil. These fish are known as L114, and are often sold under the name Pseudacanthicus cf. leopardus (it in fact is Pseudacanthicus sp.), due to the great similarity to Pseudacanthicus leopardus (the 'true' Leopard Cactus Pleco). Whether we are dealing with the same species is questionable however, given a number of clear distinctions (color, pattern, dentition and amount of teeth). However, scientific research is needed to clear up whether L114 is indeed the same species as Pseudacanthicus leopardus (which is found in the Rio Essequibo, Rio Rupuni, Rio Branco and Rio Takutu rivers in the border region of Guyana and Brazil), or a related, but as of yet undescribed species.

Profile information used with permission from www.piranha-Info.com.t 2 photos by GEM

Last edited by bigbird; 06-28-12 at 05:06 PM. Reason: name change
Views 16636 Comments 0
Total Comments 0


Closed Profile


Profile Tools
Display Modes

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off

Forum Jump

All times are GMT -4. The time now is 12:16 AM.

Powered by vBulletin® Version 3.8.2
Copyright ©2000 - 2018, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd.

Designed by: vBSkinworks